Frequently Asked Questions
Q. What does RFE/RL do?
A. RFE/RL serves as a "surrogate" free press in 23 countries where the free flow of information is either banned by government authorities or not fully developed. Our journalists provide what many people in those countries cannot get locally: uncensored news, responsible discussion, and open debate.
Q. Where does RFE/RL broadcast?
A. We create content in 25 languages and engage with audiences in 23 countries including Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Russia, and the former Soviet republics of Central Asia. RFE/RL has a weekly radio, television, and Internet audience of over 23 million. Month-on-month, websites host almost 40 million page views and stream over 2.3 million hours of audio.
Q: In what languages does RFE/RL produce content?
A: Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bosnian, Chechen, Crimean Tatar, Croatian, Dari, English, Georgian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Pashto, Persian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Tajik, Tatar, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Q. How does RFE/RL reach people?
A. RFE/RL operates one of the most comprehensive news operations in the world. In addition to over 600 journalists at our headquarters in Prague, we maintain 17 local bureaus with approximately 450 journalists and over 750 freelancers and stringers.
Approximately 1,000 hours of radio programming are broadcast every week, and listeners can tune in on shortwave frequencies across the entire broadcast region. RFE/RL has also built a network of affiliate partner organizations that rebroadcast radio and television programming across 11 time zones. Due to current political restrictions, rebroadcasting on local stations is prohibited in Azerbaijan, Belarus, Iran, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
Our language services host call-in shows and place a high priority on interacting with their audiences. Listeners contact the services through web forums, SMS messages, Facebook, Twitter, e-mails, and even old-fashioned letters. Radio Farda, our Iranian station, has one of the most popular Iranian Facebook pages.
But while Internet and mobile technology are spreading fast, the radio is still a central medium for news and information in many of our markets.
Q. Is this still necessary? Isn’t the Cold War over?
A. Our mission remains more relevant than ever, though our name might be somewhat of an anachronism. According to Freedom House's annual Freedom of the Press Index, over the last decade, media freedom has continued to decline in many of RFE/RL broadcast countries included in the study. Other studies on the state of media freedom come to similar conclusions.
Many countries in the former Soviet sphere have recently seen a dramatic reversal of democratic progress. Journalists there are increasingly under threat, and RFE/RL remains a crucial source of accurate information.
Q. Isn’t this dangerous? How does RFE/RL keep its reporters safe?
A. In many countries RFE/RL journalists work at tremendous risk, including Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Belarus--countries that consistently rank at the bottom of Freedom House's Global Freedom of the Press Survey rankings. Journalists working for RFE/RL are often harassed, threatened, physically assaulted, or detained in connection with their professional activities.
In addition to violence, RFE/RL has endured other efforts to limit its broadcast capacity and impact. Authorities have blocked our website in Crimea, jammed our broadcasts and blocked our website in Iran, banned us from FM and closed our bureau in Azerbaijan, refused or stripped accreditation for our journalists in Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, and used targeted pressure in Russia to dissuade local affiliates from carrying our programs.
RFE/RL journalists face hazards resulting from war and instability in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan. Colleagues with our Persian language service, Radio Farda, which operates from Prague, report on Iran with the knowledge that their work puts their friends, families, and colleagues inside the country at risk.
Nothing is more important than the safety of our journalists. We work closely with the U.S. and European governments, embassies, and many nongovernmental organizations to develop support networks and find ways to protect our journalists when they're under threat. Find out more at Journalists In Trouble.
Q. How is RFE/RL funded and managed?
A. RFE/RL is funded by the U.S. Congress through the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG). The BBG is a bipartisan federal agency overseeing all U.S international broadcasting services. In addition to RFE/RL, this includes Voice of America, Radio Free Asia, Alhurra, Radio Sawa, and Radio Marti.
Under IRS rules, RFE/RL is a private, nonprofit Sec. 501(c)3 corporation. Chartered in Delaware, it receives federal grants as a private grantee. RFE/RL maintains a corporate office in Washington, D.C.
RFE/RL is managed by President Thomas Kent and Vice President/Editor-in-Chief of programming Nenad Pejic
Q. If the U.S. government funds RFE/RL, how can it be independent and unbiased?
A. This is a very important and crucial point: The U.S. government is not involved in RFE/RL's operational or editorial decisions. Our governing board, the BBG, serves by law as a firewall to protect our editorial independence.
RFE/RL journalists provide straightforward, professional journalism, and the results are clear -- our audiences trust us. The popularity of many of our programs reflects this: In Afghanistan, over 60 percent of the adult population listens to our programs, and Radio Farda's website receives over 10 million page views every month.
Q. Why should U.S. taxpayers pay for this?
A. The basis for RFE/RL's operations is that the first requirement of democracy is a well-informed citizenry. By promoting the free flow of information, RFE/RL supports the development of civil society and thus makes a contribution to long-term development and stability in the region we cover. Learn More about our impact.